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Flag Combinations

The purpose of the International Code of Signals is to provide ways and means of communication in situations related essen- tially to safety of navigation and persons, especially when language difficulties arise. In the preparation of the Code, account was taken of the fact that wide application of radiotelephony and radiotelegraphy can provide simple and effective means of communication in plain language whenever language difficulties do not exist.

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Flag Code Code Section Sub-Section Meaning
PM PM 1 AIDS TO NAVIGATION-NAVIGATION NAVIGATING AND STEERING INSTRU You should go ahead and lead the course.
PN PN AIDS TO NAVIGATION-NAVIGATION NAVIGATING AND STEERING INSTRU You should keep to leeward of me (or vessel indicated).
PN PN 1 AIDS TO NAVIGATION-NAVIGATION NAVIGATING AND STEERING INSTRU You should keep to windward of me (or vessel indicated).
PN PN 2 AIDS TO NAVIGATION-NAVIGATION NAVIGATING AND STEERING INSTRU You should keep on my starboard side (or starboard side of vessel indicated).
PN PN 3 AIDS TO NAVIGATION-NAVIGATION NAVIGATING AND STEERING INSTRU You should keep on my port side (or port side of vessel indicated).
PO PO AIDS TO NAVIGATION-NAVIGATION NAVIGATING AND STEERING INSTRU You should pass ahead of me (or vessel indicated).
PO PO 1 AIDS TO NAVIGATION-NAVIGATION NAVIGATING AND STEERING INSTRU I will pass ahead of you (or vessel indicated).
PO PO 2 AIDS TO NAVIGATION-NAVIGATION NAVIGATING AND STEERING INSTRU You should pass astern of me (or vessel indicated).
PO PO 3 AIDS TO NAVIGATION-NAVIGATION NAVIGATING AND STEERING INSTRU I will pass astern of you (or vessel indicated).
PO PO 4 AIDS TO NAVIGATION-NAVIGATION NAVIGATING AND STEERING INSTRU You should pass to leeward of me (or vessel indicated).
BZ BZ DISTRESS-EMERGENCY AIRCRAFT-HELICOPTER Your magnetic bearing from me (or from vessel or position indicated) is... (at time indicated).
PO PO 5 AIDS TO NAVIGATION-NAVIGATION NAVIGATING AND STEERING INSTRU I will pass to leeward of you (or vessel indicated).
PO PO 6 AIDS TO NAVIGATION-NAVIGATION NAVIGATING AND STEERING INSTRU You should pass to windward of me (or vessel indicated).
PO PO 7 AIDS TO NAVIGATION-NAVIGATION NAVIGATING AND STEERING INSTRU I will pass to windward of you (or vessel indicated).
PO PO 8 AIDS TO NAVIGATION-NAVIGATION NAVIGATING AND STEERING INSTRU You should come under my stern.
PP PP AIDS TO NAVIGATION-NAVIGATION NAVIGATING AND STEERING INSTRU Keep well clear of me.
PP PP 1 AIDS TO NAVIGATION-NAVIGATION NAVIGATING AND STEERING INSTRU Do not overtake me.
PP PP 2 AIDS TO NAVIGATION-NAVIGATION NAVIGATING AND STEERING INSTRU Do not pass ahead of me.
PP PP 3 AIDS TO NAVIGATION-NAVIGATION NAVIGATING AND STEERING INSTRU Do not pass astern of me.
PP PP 4 AIDS TO NAVIGATION-NAVIGATION NAVIGATING AND STEERING INSTRU Do not pass on my starboard side.

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